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Background History

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Background History
  • SYP plantation is the only rubber plantation of Max Myanmar Holding Co., Ltd and it is located at Shwe Yaung Pya Mountain near Awingyi Village in Belin Township, 131 miles away from Yangon. Shwe Yaung Pya area originally was mostly undeveloped, rugged hilly area with scattered swamp and covered by bushes and small trees. From security point of view, the area was not peaceful and there was occasional skirmishes between armed groups till 2000. The area did not have basic infrastructure such as paved road, water supply, irrigation system, and electricity.
  • Total 3373 acres has been used for actual plantation to allow some original land owners who did not want the land compensation and preferred to continue to reside in their land. Out of 3373 acres, Kyats 423.746 Million had been compensated for 1841.32 acres which had land owners from 2005 to 2012. The remaining 1533 acres are vacant land without any owners.
  • Additional compensation of 274.9 Million Kyats have been paid to owners of 1145 acres in 2013 February and April, amounting to 698.646 Million in total compensation.
  • From 2010, the country embraced the transition process leading to new democratic system and introducing several initiatives to transform key industrial sectors which lagged far behind comparing to other ASEAN members. To promote the rubber industry was one key initiative and Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation had guiding principles to utilize the fallow land across the country and also in in Mon State to rejuvenate the agricultural sector of Myanmar and to promote industrial raw material production. As such local government had encourage new investment in such sectors especially in industrial scale. On the other hand, contrary to some assumption, military did not take any role and did not involve in those plantation projects either directly or indirectly.
  • Starting from 2004 inception, Max Myanmar has engaged with all stakeholders to obtain their consent and support for the plantation including land owners, local authority, community heads, religious leaders, and political organizations such as NLD, 88 Generation Students, and KNU is also one of the stakeholders participated in meetings with land owners. In particular, to fulfil the voice of the land owners were what we all cared for at that time.
  • Followed up negotiation with some land owners were held in again in 2013 for the 2nd and 3rd round compensations to settle renewed claims from local people. KNU is one of the mediators at that time, together with representatives from NLD and 88 Generation Students, in helping negotiating the land owners to get a collective agreement.
  • Max Myanmar has put its upmost effort to get a mutual and collective agreement to give additional compensation to original land owners at that time without any coercion of whatsoever to land owners from any stakeholders and the land price settled at that time was at market value comparing to adjacent similar area.
  • Further discussion were held to discuss with other local authorities to promote the systemic and sustainable development of the region in terms of health care clinic, health screening, education, school buildings, technology and knowledge sharing, and other basic infrastructure such as building roads, establishing new mode of arable water supply, football fields and electricity from solar power to sourcing from national grid. 
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